Synergistic Hydrolysis of Arrowroot (Marantha arundinaceae L.) Starch by -Amylase, Glucoamylase, and Pullulanase for Glucose Syrup Production

Yunianta Yunianta, Tri Sulistyo, Apriliastuti Apriliastuti, Teti Estiasih, Siti Narsito Wulan

Abstract


The purified -amylase, glucoamylase and pullulanase were used for hydrolysis of arrowroot starch (Marantha arundinaceae L.) a local tuber from Indonesia. This arrowroot starch is a potential source for glucose syrup production. The amylolytic activities of α-amylase, glucoamylase (from Aspergillus niger) and pullulanase (from Bacillus licheneformis) were 90 KNU/g, 260 GAU/g and 390 ASPU/g, respectively. These enzymes were used to study their synergistic effects on the hydrolysis of arrowroot starch to glucose syrup. We have studied the effect of α-amylase concentration (0.025%, 0.045%, and 0.065% (w/w)) and incubation time (1 hour, 1,5 hours, and 2 hours) during liquefaction process that was combined with 24 hours of saccharification process using 0.08% (w/w) dextrozyme (mixture of glucoamylase and pullulanase) in the glucose  syrup production.  This experiment showed that 1.5 hours of liquefaction process using 0.045% (w/w) of -amylase produced 24.64% of reducing sugar and 91.80 of dextrose equivalent.  The second experiment was focused on the determination of saccharification process, where 1 hour liquefaction process using 0.045% (w/w) of -amylase was combined with saccharification process using dextrozyme. In the saccharification process,  a various dextrozyme concentrations (0.04, 0.06, and 0.08 % (w/w)) and incubation times (24 hours, 48 hours, 72 hours) were studied in relation to glucose syrup production.  It was showed that 0.08% (w/w) of dextrozyme and 24 hours of incubation time gave the best result on glucose syrup with 24.88% of reducing sugar and 92.14 of dextrose equivalent.


Keywords: arrowroot, -amylase, dextrozyme, liquefaction, saccharification, glucose syrup


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Copyright (c) 2019 Yunianta Yunianta, Tri Sulistyo, Apriliastuti Apriliastuti, Teti Estiasih, Siti Narsito Wulan

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